This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in trade activities generally needed in the construction of buildings and structures, such as masonry, painting, or electrical work. The work performed may include new work, additions, alterations, maintenance, and repairs. Specialty trade contractors usually work under contract to general contractors or operative builders to carry out a component of an overall project. However, they may contract directly with the owner of the property, especially in renovation and repair construction.

Not all specialized trade activities are classified in this subsector. In order to conform to the generally accepted distinctions made by construction businesses themselves, some types of specialized establishments involved in heavy and civil engineering construction are classified in subsector 237 Heavy and civil engineering construction.

Usually most of the work is carried out at the construction site. Some trade contractors operate shops in which they carry out job-specific prefabrication and other work. However, establishments that manufacture structural components such as steel and pre-cast concrete, or that manufacture building equipment such as boilers and elevators, are classified in sector 31-33 Manufacturing even if they install these goods themselves.

The specialized activities classified in this subsector range from the initial site preparation for new construction, through the construction of building foundations and structures, the installation of building equipment and systems, to the finishing of buildings and other structures.

NAIC Code

238

Comparability

All - Canadian, Mexican and United States industries are comparable

Employment Trend in EMO* Region

Number of People Employed / Year
* EMO represents Elgin, Middlesex and Oxford Counties
Sources: OMAFRA - EMSI ANALYST CANADIAN DATASET,OMAFRA ANALYST - EMSI CANADIAN DATASET

Yearly Average Earnings

62,052
2018
Sources: OMAFRA - EMSI ANALYST CANADIAN DATASET

Number of Employers by Employee Size Range

Location Date
1-4
5-9
10-19
20-49
50-99
100-199
200-499
500+
0 Payroll Employees
Canada 2009 - Jun 45,608 17,328 8,541 4,642 1,180 392 132 25 74,522
Canada 2010 - Jun 47,474 16,986 8,450 4,522 1,107 370 122 23 76,720
Canada 2011 - Jun 48,076 17,179 8,422 4,383 1,086 338 101 21 79,751
Canada 2012 - Jun 49,073 16,991 8,595 4,573 1,148 395 117 18 78,251
Canada 2012 - Dec 48,756 17,082 8,656 4,754 1,182 425 126 17 79,956
Canada 2013 - Jun 52,853 17,752 8,904 4,757 1,190 434 127 18 86,559
Canada 2013 - Dec 54,200 18,121 9,126 4,951 1,244 443 122 28 89,445
Canada 2014 - Jun 54,539 18,179 9,151 5,024 1,250 432 133 32 90,720
Canada 2014 - Dec 52,850 18,077 9,049 5,269 1,339 498 169 46 115,341
Canada 2015 - Jun 52,813 18,124 9,092 5,246 1,338 514 181 43 118,857
Canada 2015 - Dec 53,710 18,652 9,193 5,319 1,414 518 175 41 120,031
Canada 2016 - Jun 53,604 18,527 9,302 5,261 1,417 521 160 40 122,439
Canada 2016 - Dec 54,883 19,156 9,384 5,336 1,400 533 165 36 122,475
Canada 2017 - Jun 54,138 18,935 9,273 5,274 1,407 531 148 39 126,290
Canada 2017 - Dec 54,870 19,379 9,506 5,425 1,430 548 159 34 123,809
Canada 2018 - Jun 54,636 19,151 9,443 5,398 1,446 527 163 34 129,062
Canada 2018 - Dec 56,797 19,365 9,621 5,485 1,481 544 165 33 127,744
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2009 - Jun 104 22 14 6 1 0 0 0 174
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2010 - Jun 109 29 19 2 1 0 0 0 187
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2011 - Jun 122 25 18 5 1 0 0 0 217
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2012 - Jun 120 39 18 4 1 0 0 0 203
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2012 - Dec 131 35 16 2 1 0 0 0 187
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2013 - Jun 134 39 16 0 2 0 0 0 190
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2013 - Dec 129 42 16 1 1 0 0 0 187
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2014 - Jun 132 42 18 2 1 0 0 0 186
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2014 - Dec 111 51 24 0 1 0 0 0 265
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2015 - Jun 113 53 22 1 1 0 0 0 271
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2015 - Dec 101 54 19 2 1 0 0 0 269
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2016 - Jun 111 46 21 2 1 0 0 0 266
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2016 - Dec 125 49 18 3 1 0 0 0 269
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2017 - Jun 112 53 19 3 1 0 0 0 284
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2017 - Dec 119 50 19 5 1 0 0 0 292
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2018 - Jun 124 49 17 5 1 0 0 0 316
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas) 2018 - Dec 145 52 24 5 1 0 0 0 342
London 2009 - Jun 348 140 80 56 20 6 1 0 676
London 2010 - Jun 345 120 92 57 15 4 2 0 723
London 2011 - Jun 362 135 85 54 23 6 2 0 711
London 2012 - Jun 371 124 83 57 17 6 2 0 693
London 2012 - Dec 379 119 81 56 15 7 2 0 694
London 2013 - Jun 378 125 76 62 15 8 2 0 727
London 2013 - Dec 393 125 82 60 13 9 0 1 760
London 2014 - Jun 395 123 80 62 13 9 0 1 761
London 2014 - Dec 384 119 90 60 16 4 1 1 956
London 2015 - Jun 381 125 82 64 19 4 1 1 978
London 2015 - Dec 398 135 88 66 19 4 1 1 1,003
London 2016 - Jun 360 150 79 62 23 4 1 0 1,039
London 2016 - Dec 381 143 78 66 24 3 1 0 1,031
London 2017 - Jun 371 139 79 65 24 2 1 0 1,041
London 2017 - Dec 353 163 81 65 21 5 1 0 1,061
London 2018 - Jun 367 167 73 60 22 5 1 0 1,122
London 2018 - Dec 381 155 82 58 24 7 1 0 1,163
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2009 - Jun 159 72 25 11 3 1 0 0 266
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2010 - Jun 157 55 27 12 3 0 0 0 269
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2011 - Jun 154 63 25 10 4 0 0 0 275
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2012 - Jun 159 66 23 12 4 0 0 0 259
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2012 - Dec 155 66 30 9 4 1 0 0 263
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2013 - Jun 170 58 35 11 3 0 0 0 274
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2013 - Dec 167 61 31 14 3 0 0 0 276
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2014 - Jun 153 66 31 14 5 0 0 0 273
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2014 - Dec 154 61 32 13 4 2 0 0 359
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2015 - Jun 159 65 28 11 4 1 0 0 374
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2015 - Dec 162 58 30 13 4 0 0 0 378
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2016 - Jun 168 61 33 13 4 0 0 0 381
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2016 - Dec 172 68 34 13 4 0 0 0 362
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2017 - Jun 171 68 33 15 4 0 0 0 373
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2017 - Dec 162 76 40 13 4 1 0 0 372
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2018 - Jun 153 77 46 16 4 2 0 0 378
Middlesex (Excluding London) 2018 - Dec 173 88 43 17 5 2 0 0 374
Ontario 2009 - Jun 14,651 5,752 2,945 1,572 397 143 47 10 31,880
Ontario 2010 - Jun 15,430 5,554 2,965 1,541 370 140 49 9 32,591
Ontario 2011 - Jun 15,683 5,748 2,988 1,557 375 134 46 8 33,643
Ontario 2012 - Jun 16,149 5,711 3,023 1,574 398 147 49 7 32,376
Ontario 2012 - Dec 15,864 5,751 3,019 1,602 403 147 50 7 32,237
Ontario 2013 - Jun 16,957 5,951 3,107 1,566 402 164 47 9 34,170
Ontario 2013 - Dec 17,398 6,037 3,205 1,642 419 164 42 14 35,434
Ontario 2014 - Jun 17,473 6,150 3,187 1,669 424 169 52 13 35,632
Ontario 2014 - Dec 16,955 6,137 3,183 1,704 452 186 61 16 45,222
Ontario 2015 - Jun 16,923 6,171 3,187 1,721 456 187 62 16 46,553
Ontario 2015 - Dec 17,151 6,458 3,252 1,752 484 185 56 16 46,854
Ontario 2016 - Jun 17,092 6,551 3,265 1,738 488 179 54 15 47,751
Ontario 2016 - Dec 17,673 6,804 3,340 1,809 483 183 55 13 47,940
Ontario 2017 - Jun 17,578 6,755 3,314 1,794 497 194 50 13 49,559
Ontario 2017 - Dec 18,123 6,938 3,423 1,831 499 199 57 13 48,698
Ontario 2018 - Jun 18,252 6,910 3,399 1,826 509 191 62 12 51,388
Ontario 2018 - Dec 19,151 6,978 3,472 1,851 537 199 64 14 51,082
Oxford 2009 - Jun 152 66 41 14 1 0 0 0 268
Oxford 2010 - Jun 164 73 36 12 1 0 0 0 286
Oxford 2011 - Jun 157 64 44 12 4 0 0 0 276
Oxford 2012 - Jun 168 66 44 10 3 1 0 0 269
Oxford 2012 - Dec 159 68 42 11 3 1 0 0 264
Oxford 2013 - Jun 166 78 42 10 3 1 0 0 263
Oxford 2013 - Dec 186 75 40 10 5 1 0 0 266
Oxford 2014 - Jun 181 78 39 11 4 1 0 0 277
Oxford 2014 - Dec 173 69 40 12 3 2 0 0 368
Oxford 2015 - Jun 165 71 40 10 4 2 0 0 385
Oxford 2015 - Dec 163 91 40 13 4 2 0 0 397
Oxford 2016 - Jun 163 85 44 14 6 0 0 0 416
Oxford 2016 - Dec 169 85 47 14 5 1 0 0 402
Oxford 2017 - Jun 165 85 42 14 5 2 0 0 430
Oxford 2017 - Dec 156 83 40 15 4 2 0 0 372
Oxford 2018 - Jun 161 79 43 13 2 1 1 0 386
Oxford 2018 - Dec 174 90 40 13 2 1 1 0 379
St. Thomas 2009 - Jun 26 11 9 2 0 0 0 0 39
St. Thomas 2010 - Jun 27 10 8 2 0 0 0 0 44
St. Thomas 2011 - Jun 26 11 8 2 0 0 0 0 46
St. Thomas 2012 - Jun 26 10 11 2 0 0 0 0 50
St. Thomas 2012 - Dec 28 11 9 2 0 0 0 0 52
St. Thomas 2013 - Jun 30 12 9 0 1 0 0 0 56
St. Thomas 2013 - Dec 33 10 8 2 1 0 0 0 56
St. Thomas 2014 - Jun 28 11 7 1 1 0 0 0 59
St. Thomas 2014 - Dec 30 12 6 2 1 0 0 0 79
St. Thomas 2015 - Jun 31 10 8 1 1 0 0 0 76
St. Thomas 2015 - Dec 33 7 8 1 1 0 0 0 71
St. Thomas 2016 - Jun 29 9 8 1 1 0 0 0 69
St. Thomas 2016 - Dec 32 13 7 0 1 0 0 0 80
St. Thomas 2017 - Jun 31 10 6 4 1 0 0 0 74
St. Thomas 2017 - Dec 33 12 6 4 1 0 0 0 79
St. Thomas 2018 - Jun 30 14 5 3 1 0 0 0 90
St. Thomas 2018 - Dec 35 14 6 3 1 0 0 0 92
Sources: OMAFRA ANALYST - EMSI CANADIAN DATASET,STATISTICS CANADA

Employment by Geography

Number of People Employed / Year
Sources: OMAFRA - EMSI ANALYST CANADIAN DATASET,OMAFRA ANALYST - EMSI CANADIAN DATASET
Legend
Canada
Elgin (Excluding St. Thomas)
London
Middlesex (Excluding London)
Ontario
Oxford
St.Thomas

Labour Flow

-6,850

2011Census

* EMO represents Elgin, Middlesex and Oxford Counties

The Labour Flow shows the Net Import of people working in the particular industry and the specified geography (# Employed - # Resident)

Sources: STATISTICS CANADA, 2011 CENSUS

Career Search and Development

Opportunities

Woodstock, ON
Full-time
London, ON
N/A
Woodstock, ON
Full-time